Irreecha also spellled Irreessathe Oromo equivalent of Thanksgiving, was traditionally celebrated bi-annually in different parts of the Oromo country. Although it was a non-political festival, the Irreecha was suppressed by Ethiopian regimes. Brought back to life by a struggle for cultural revival which the Oromo have waged during the last fifty, the festival is now playing a significant role in the manifestation and preservation of Oromo national identity.
The festival in its traditional form is celebrated in different localities across Oromia. At the national level, it is an event that brings millions of Oromos from all over the Oromo country and non-Oromo visitors from other parts of the world to the shores of Hora Lake Arsadi in the city of Bishoftu in central Oromia. As such, it has no parallel in Africa. The festival is celebrated not only in Oromia, but has become an event which is observed transnationally by tens of thousands of Oromos settled in many countries around the world.
This paper aims to shed light on the role of the Irreecha festival in the expression of Oromo unity and national identity. I will describe the role of numerous pan-Oromo socio-cultural and historical symbols and artefacts which the festival has brought to light, in awakening the Oromo sense of belonging to a community. The pan-Oromo democratic tradition is reflected in the artefacts displayed in the irreecha parade, in the blessings of elders who officiate it, in the environmental ethics articulated and in the performances of artist who entertain the celebrants.
In the pre-colonial past, the Irreecha Birra marked the end of the rainy season and the beginning of harvest season. It is an Oromo custom to gather on the river banks and the shores of lakes and give thanks to Waaqa God for all his bounty and pray for Nagaa peace and Araara reconciliation among humans and with God.
Today, the festival has come to mark the end of the rainy season, and more. It marks the end of the cultural trauma which had affected the Oromo for about a century. It denotes victory over a history of cultural denigration. Like in the past, the hayyuu elders, wisemen, the learned — both singular and plural thank God and bless the nation as their ancestors did. They bless the nation; they remind their audience to uphold the Oromo ethics of safuu and nagaa respect and peacereconcile among themselves and pray to God to reconcile with them.
The following is a rough translation of an excerpt from the counsel and blessing of a hayyuu who officiated an Irreecha festival outside the city of Naqamtee in Shall evil have no place amongst you? Shall hate have no place amongst you? Shall truth find you? Is this your testimony before God?
Let peace be among all! Let peace be among adults! Let peace be among the youth! Let peace be with the livestock! He reminded the participants the connection that the occasion has with the Oromo heritage and counsels and commands them to confirm the authenticity of the occasion.
He asked them whether spirit of the celebration is aligned with the spirit of Oromo traditions as reflected in the laws of the five major Odaas: Odaa Nabee in central OromiaOdaa Bisil in western OromiaOdaa Bulluq in north-western OromiaOdaa Roobaa in south-eastern Oromia and Odaa Bultum in eastern Oromia.
He asked them whether the traditions of Madda Walaabuu are respected. The response of the celebrants is in the affirmative. This was followed by another moment of blessing which, roughly translated, said the following.The older Sete killed his younger brother Oraand Asis Atete or Adbar planted a tree Odaa for the memorial of her deceased brother Ora at the bank of Nile in Egypt where the murder had taken place, and she requested her father, who was the God of Sun, to make peace among the families of Sete and Ora.
Then rain has come and the tree Odaa got grown. It symbolized that the peace has taken place. Later, at the Stone Age, the tree that had been planted for the memorial of the killed, Orawas substituted by statue of stone that was erected years ago. The festival for the Ora statue has been celebrated in September of every year when Nile flows full in Nubia and in black Egypt. In Ethiopia, during the Axumite and pre- Axumite period, a great festival has been held around the statue that was planted by Asis Atete or Adbar for the memorial of Orathe son of sun's God, who had risen up from death Ora Omo or Or-omo for the purpose of celebrating the peace made between the two brothers.
Then after the memorial was the great herald performed in thanking the God of sun and of sky with Chibo. The Eyo KA Abebaye the traditional and popular song performed at Demera events and new year in Ethiopia has been started being performed since then.
Japan, China and India have now reached to their current civilization through making the basic traditions and cultures they received from their forefathers Hindu, Shinto and Mahiberata be kept, even at the time they were receiving Islam, Christianity, and other ideologies, especially, Democracy and other free believes. They are not here through undermining the culture and tradition of their forefathers.
Culture is the collection of many Chibos or Demeras. The Oromo people of the beautiful Ethiopia believe in one God since time memorial. Their religion is called " Waaqeffannaa" which means believing in one God that is the creator of the whole universe. Irreechaa means a celebration where people get together and perform their prayers and thanks giving to God. Waaqeffannaathe faith being in the Gadaa system, is a religious ceremony that is free from any thing. The fathers of Oromo religion and the people, keeping fresh grass and flowers, perform their prayers and thank their God going to mountains, to sea or to river bank.
They move to the top of mountains or bank of seas or rivers not to worship the mountains or rivers and seas.
Rather to distract themselves from any noise and to worship their God Waaqa with concentration. And they go to sea and rivers because they believe that green is holy, water is life and the places are peaceful where the spirit of God is found. In the Oromo culture, the rainy season is considered as the symbol of darkness.
At the beginning of September, the darkness is gone, rivers run shallower and cleaner, and the mud is gone. As sunshine rules the land, the Oromo people of Ethiopia go out to celebrate this great natural cycle with the spirit of worshiping God Waaqa.
One of the distinct thanksgiving celebrations in the traditional religion of the Oromos Waaqeffannaa is called " Irreechaa " or " Irreessaa, " which, by itself, means thanksgiving. On this day normally falls at the end of September or beginning of Octobermany Oromos come to the river or the sea or the lake with an outlet that has since long been chosen to be the place for such thanksgiving celebration. In the traditional religion of the Oromos, the spirit is the power through which Waqaa The Almighty God governs all over the world.
Thus, Oromos believe that every creation of Waqaa has its own spirit. Most of all, they believe that this spirit through which Waqaa is supposed to govern all over its creature wallows over the sea and the great rivers of our world.
And also, they do believe that the peak of the mountain is holly in nature, and that it serves as a host to the spirit of Waqaa. Thus, the Oromos usually go to the river or to the mountain during the time of their worshiping rituals, or during Irreessaa celebration. Source: from the now defunct Irreessa. A short video recapping the Irreechaa Celebrations starting in Bishoftu - the epicenter of the Irreechaa celebrations - and traveling around the world in minutes.
This is the time during which Oromo people come out in mass to celebrate Waaqayyoo and seek solution for the existing problems. Barri baraan maree Barumaan marmaaree Arfaasaa fi birraan walfuree Seera uumaan galee dabaree. Roobee kan badhaasu Caamee kan gabbisu Isa daare uwwisee Isa beela'e quufsee Bara birraan mise Jarmii gabbisa Soora sugeessa Akkasiin uumama tiksa Hooqubaan kan isaa!
Religion and social life among Oromo in Norway. These are a list of past or on-going special reports and coverage by Gadaa. Celebrate Oromian Athletes - Celebrating Oromian elite long-distance athletes of the world.
Irreechaa Worldwide Celebrations - Coverage of worldwide Irreechaa ceremonies. Special Reports and Coverage Kanaaf Haa kunuunsinu, kunuunsinee haa guddifnu Guddifnee haa dhaalchifnu!Irreecha also called Irreessa or Dhibaayyuuis thanksgiving holiday of the Oromo people in Ethiopia. The Irreecha festival is celebrated every year at the beginning of Birraa Springnew season after the dark and rainy winter season. It is attended by hundreds of thousands people.
Once at the lake, festival-goers immerse the green grass and the flowers they are carrying and sprinkle themselves. Inthe festival was celebrated into the nation's capital Addis Ababa for the first time in years, are followed by Irreecha in Bishoftu.
The Oromo people consider the winter rainy season of June to September as the time of difficulty. The heavy rain causes swelling rivers and floods that may drown people, cattle, crop, and flood homes. Also, family relationships will suffer during winter rain as they can't visit each other because of swelling rivers.
In addition, winter time could be a time of hunger for some because of the fact that previous harvest collected in January is running short and new harvest is not ripe yet.
Because of this, some families may endure food shortages during the winter. In Birraa Spring in Oromolandthis shortage ends as many food crops especially maize is ripe and families can eat their fill. Other crops like potato, barley, etc. Some disease types like malaria also break out during rainy winter time.
Because of this, the Oromos see winter as a difficult season. It does not mean the Oromo people hate rain or winter season at all. Even when there is shortage of rain, they pray to Waaqa God for rain. The Oromo people celebrate Irreecha not only to thank Waaqa God but also to welcome the new season of plentiful harvests after the dark and rainy winter season associated with nature and creature.
On Irreecha festivals, friends, family, and relatives gather together and celebrate with joy and happiness. Irreecha festivals bring people closer to each other and make social bonds. Moreover, the Oromo people celebrate this auspicious event to mark the end of rainy season, known as Ganna, was established by Oromo forefathers, in the time of Gadaa Melbaa in Mormor, Oromia.
The auspicious day on which this last Mormor Day of Gadaa Melbaa - the Dark Time of starvation and hunger- was established on the Sunday of last week of September or the Sunday of the 1st week of October according to the Gadaa lunar calendar has been designated as National Thanksgiving Day by modern-day Oromo people.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Thanksgiving to Waaqa god.
Retrieved Embassy in Ethiopia. Retrieved 21 Oct Retrieved 15 January Oromo News. African News. Formerly Oromia Quarterly. Irreecha The Oromo national and cultural holiday season: Oromians and friends of the Oromo nation celebrating the blessing and colourful festival in Oromia and all over the Globe.
For this massive open public culture, the regime sent hand picked party cadres and its supporters through offering its participation badges and drop them there with its transport. That was designed and actioned to make believe that the events were held.Oromo Music, Qeerros after Haacaaluu Hundeessaa's song at #Irrecha2017
Millions of Oromo mass sanctioned from driving and waling to the festive venues with layers and layers of military forces.
The millions people of festivals at Hora Finfinnee an Hora Harsadii were defacto cancelled. Thousands attacked by the military, arrested and tortured in effort to celebrate their adored culture. The whereabouts of thousands is not known. This is once again a massive military attack against iconic Oromo culture and identity. How heart-breaking to hear many were arrested or unexpectedly prevented from arriving at their destinations. This seems more like an attempt to suppress Oromo cultural expression during a politically volatile time.
Hirmaattoota sirnichaa suuraadhaa kunooti. Irreechaa this is at Bishooftuu 4October one of the videos when people celebrate on the road sanctioned by Abiy's the armed killing forces not to go to the lake, Hora Harsadi pic.
Irreechi Hora Finfinnee iddoo namootni muraasni affeeraan taasifameef argamanitti kabajameera. Irreecha bara kana Magaalaa Finfinneetti kabajameera. Boru ammoo Magaalaa Bishooftuutti kabajamuuf jira. But some attendees said the regulations were designed to prevent anti-government protests at a time when Oromo opposition politicians are behind bars and security forces stand accused of using heavy-handed tactics against civilians in the Oromo region surrounding the capital. It is traditionally held in the city of Bishoftu, Oromia, some 50km 30 miles southeast of Addis Ababa.
Inthe use of tear gas and firearms by security forces sparked a stampede in Bishoftu that killed dozens, some of whom drowned in a nearby lake.
Irreecha: akka mallattoo Aadaa Oromoo fi Oromummaatti
The government put the death toll at 55, though Human Rights Watch later said it could have been in the hundreds. Last year, Abiy allowed a separate Irreecha celebration to take place for the first time in Addis Ababa and hundreds of thousands turned out.
On Saturday, a much smaller crowd led by chanting Oromo traditional leaders gathered at pools of water in central Addis Ababa, where they dipped flowers and sprinkled it over themselves, gestures symbolising gratitude and renewal. Tensions between Abiy and Oromo nationalists have been on the rise in recent months following the killing of Hachalu Hundessa, a pop star who gave voice to Oromo feelings of marginalisation, in June.
More than people were killed in the ensuing violence, and more than 9, were caught up in subsequent mass arrests, including journalists and prominent Oromo opposition politicians. Irreechi irree keenya! There is no way you can take it from us. Irreechaa Oromo in DC pic. When DC feels more at home than Shegar! Irreechaa pic. A holy place where the million man march of MLK was held. The more you try to bury us, the more we bounce back! Keep trying. The Sidama Nation whole heartedly wishes its cousin nation, the Oromo and the entire nations and peoples in Ethiopia who recognise, respect and believe in unity in difference in an extremely troubled empire known as Ethiopia; a very happy Irreechaa The Oromo nation is one of the ancient Kushitic nations of north East Africa whose true history spans back to the Egyptian Kemetic civilisation.
Moreover, the similarities of the ancient Kemites with the Oromo, Sidama, Afar, Somali and the other Kush kingdoms is striking.Sabni oromoos aadaa fi seenaa mataa isaa, kan saba Kuush waliin walitti hidhatu qaba. Kanneen keessaa sirni Gadaa, kan oromoon ittiin walbulchaa ture bakka guddaa qaba. Sirni Gadaa gaaddisa ykn agoobara jiruu fi jireenya, akkasumas aadaa fi dhugeeffata Oromoo ti. Haala kanaan ayyaanota waggaa keessatti tibboota adda addaatti kabajaman keessaa ayyaanni irreechaa isa tokkoo fi isa guddaadha.
Namni Waaqaan bulu kana bira darbee lola hin seenu. Irreecha Jaarsummaaf: — Nama wallole yeroo araarsan marga ykn coqorsa qabachiisanii araaramuu isaanii ittiin mirkaneessu, akka lammata itti hin deebine ykn wal hin dhabne coqorsa ciniinsisanii kakasiisu. Guyyaa ilma fuusisan abbaan eebbisee irreessaa fi alangaa ykn bokkuu itti kenna.
Sirna fuudhaa fi heeruma, Sabbat marii ykn Irra dhaaba jedhamu yeroo raawwatanis jalqaba irreessa qabatanii kadhatu. Maqaa Waaqaatiin irreessa qabatanii yoo kadhatan hin dhaban.
Nama irreessa qabatee waa kadhatu diduun cubbuu fi safuudha. Galmi Ayyaanota Qaallota gosa irreecha isaaniif tumame qabu. Irreechi inni kun marga ykn coqorsa osoo hin taane gosa lataa mukaa kanneen akka birbirsa. Sirni kun bakka tokko tokkotti Tolcha jedhama. Akkas jechuun Arfaasaan yeroon akka Roobu, Qilleensi hamaa fi cabbiin midhaan balleessu akka hin mudanne akka Duudhaa fi Dhugeeffata Waaqennaatti falachuudha. Haala kanaan bokkaan yeroon yoo hin roobne, ummati Waaqeffannaan bulu, Safuu cabee fi Duudhaa jallate hooddachuun gamtaan bahee Waaqatti iyyata.
Iyyannaa kana Waaqni battalatti dhagahee akka aadaatti Roobaaf. Garuu yeroo ammaa kana ummati keenya duudhaa fi aadaa kana irraa waan jallateef Waaqnis irraa garagalee hongee fi roobaan rakkisaa jira. Yeroo sana Waaqnis akkuma isaa duriitti kadhata isaa ni guutaaf.
Kunis ollaan walitti bahee waliin ibsaa birraan barihuu ibsu gubee, Waaqa kanaan isa gahe galateeffatee, waliin nyaatee dhugee sirbee dhiichisa. Itti aansuun ammoo Malkaatti walgahee gamtaan irreeffata.
Kunis Waaqa nagaan ganna dukkana keessaa birraa booqaan nagaan isa gahe galateeffachuu fi bona dhufu nagaan akka hoofkalchu gaafachuudha. Kunis bara baraan dabalaa fi guddataa jira. Ayyaanni irreechaa Oromoo fi saboota biroo walitti fida.Here under the 'When Time Ends' tag, you can switch out the alarm option for a 'Stop Playing' tag. This will turn off the tunes, be it through Apple Music or Spotify, when the timer hits zero.
TAKE A PHOTO WITHOUT TOUCHING YOUR PHONEAn oldie but a goodie iPhone hack is using your volume control buttons to capture a snap - thus saving your meaty paw blocking the screen as you attempt to hit the touchscreen controls. But if you prefer to be even further removed from your photo-capturing shutter controls.
Hitting the volume button on a pair of compatible, connected headphones will have the same effect. You don't have to cut back on your on-the-go Netflix viewing though. Instead, select which apps get demoted to the Wi-Fi-only B-list. IMPROVE YOUR BATTERY LIFESpotlight, Apple's connected quick-access for key data and services, is great for offering instant access to the latest breaking news, sports scores and social update.
But that much stuff going on in the background can eat your battery life whole. Unless you turn off Spotlight features for certain apps to eke out more life per charge, that is.
This sub-surface menu turns your bar chart-based signal indicator into a far more straightforward numerical-based signal signifier. Got a score of -50. Then you'll be enjoying HD video streams on the move. Down around -120, though, and you'll struggle to send a text. Just follow the numbers to better signals. USE YOUR PHONE LIKE AN ETCH-A-SKETCH TO ERASEYou might have already stumbled across this one in a fit of rage, but like your childhood etch-a-sketch, your recent iPhone activities can be erased simply by giving the thing a good ol' shake.
Perfect for the plump of finger and poor of spelling, who want to skip the endless backspace bashing with a firm handset rattle. And if you're shivering rather than shaking.
Don't worry: a pop-up will ensure you want to delete before erasing your typing. True: it's not as morale-beating as WhatsApp's blue ticks, but it will still give you a complex over why it's taking over 42 minutes for your other half to reply.
Do affairs really take that long. SHARE YOUR FAMILY TREE WITH SIRIDoes referring to your parents by their given name make you feel awkward. Then teach Siri to know who you're chatting about. Ask Siri to call your dad and the digital PA should ask who your father is. Once a contact has been assigned to the parental moniker, every time you ask for pops moving forward, you'll be backed up by simple, fuss-free calling. SWIPE RIGHT TO RETREATFor iPhone-owning Android converts, living without a dedicated back button can be a difficult adjustment to make.
While the iPhone might not have an ever-present command to put things in reverse, there is a simple way to head in the wrong direction. Who needs a dedicated button when you've got a more elegant solution. HARD-RESET WHEN IT CRASHESYou may not have realised that Home button of the iPhone 7 isn't really a button.
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Irreechaa - The 2010 Oromo Thanksgiving Worldwide Celebrations
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